Indicators of bogus science
From Robert Park’s Voodoo Science, here are his seven warning signs that a claim may be pseudo-scientific. While some of these signs may apply to a given technology it does not mean that it is therefore bogus, however it is a strong indication that you should be extra skeptical.
“An extraordinary claim requires extraordinary proof” - Marcello Truzzi.
- Discoverers make their claims directly to the popular media, rather than to fellow scientists.
- Discoverers claim that a conspiracy has tried to suppress the discovery.
- The claimed effect appears so weak that observers can hardly distinguish it from noise. No amount of further work increases the signal.
- Anecdotal evidence is used to back up the claim.
- True believers cite ancient traditions in support of the new claim.
- The discoverer or discoverers work in isolation from the mainstream scientific community.
- The discovery, if true, would require a change in the understanding of the fundamental laws of nature.